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Directive provisions

The primary objective of the Batteries Directive is to minimise the negative impact of batteries and accumulators and waste batteries and accumulators on the environment, thus contributing to the protection, preservation and improvement of the quality of the environment. It is also explained to be appropriate to take measures at Community level to harmonise requirements concerning the heavy metal content and labelling of batteries and accumulators and so to ensure the smooth functioning of the internal market and to avoid distortion of competition within the Community. (Recital 1)

To this end, the Directive establishes rules regarding the placing on the market of batteries and accumulators; prohibitions regarding the placing on the market of batteries and accumulators containing specific hazardous substances; specific rules for the collection, treatment, recycling and disposal of waste batteries and accumulators to supplement relevant Community legislation on waste and to promote a high level of collection and recycling of waste batteries and accumulators. (Article 1)

To do this the Directive addresses various provisions throughout its articles. Through the sub-pages of this section, background information regarding the various provisions can be viewed as a means to understand some of the aspects of interest in the evaluation of the Directive.

Background is provided in relation to the following provisions and can be accessed through the links or through the left tab menu.

Modernisation of batteries and their use – to prevent negative impacts on the environment and to increase positive ones, the Directive should support innovations that improve the environmental performance of batteries throughout their lifecycle phases.

Labelling of Batteries – incorporation of new battery systems into the labelling requirements; additional/changing labelling requirements

Battery removal - Batteries need to be removed from collected WEEE; appliances need to be designed accordingly to allow removal either by the end-consumer or by the recycler.

Collection rate and recycling efficiency targets – Appropriateness of current targets and of possible new ones; Methodologies for calculating collection rate and recycling efficiencies.

Prohibition of hazardous substances and safety risks - Exemptions for hazardous substances and hazardousness of current/new battery systems

Battery collection schemes – Member States are required to ensure the development of  battery collection schemes for the purpose of facilitating the collection, and subsequently recycling, of portable batteries.

Resource efficiency - Within the evaluation “new” policy strategies that have been adopted recently, and in particular resource efficiency, need to be considered. Although the recycling efficiency targets are meant to support resource saving, ‘resource efficiency’ is not mentioned as such in the Batteries Directive. Nonetheless, resource efficiency aspects of batteries and their content along the life cycle of batteries should be included in the evaluation.